Health Issues To Watch Out For

Our health is valuable to us, and so we should try to look after it as best we can. Part of that is be educated about things that are good for us and the things that are not. It is also important to be aware of anything that is risky to our health. To help you build your knowledge on health, read on for a basic guide.

Bacteria

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Bacteria are microscopic organisms that are present just about everywhere. In fact, we have bacteria all over us, and inside us as well. Bacteria sometimes get a bad reputation, but in fact, there are lots of positive jobs that they do for us. For example, in our intestine, there are good bacteria that help us to process and digest our food efficiently.

However, there are some harmful bacteria as well as helpful one such as e.coli and chlamydia. If you have e.coli you will probably know about it very quickly. But it isn’t always easy to tell if you have a bacterial infection, like chlamydia. So you can get a test and find out that way. Then if you test positive, order treatment online.

To protect against bacterial infection you can do several things. The first is to use an antibacterial hand wash or gel, which will kill them on contact. The second is to always make sure that you teach the kids to wash their hands after going to the toilet. This is where a lot of bacteria can be picked up. Thirdly, ensure that you always eat in restaurants that have a high hygiene rating. As they will be aware of the risk of bacterial contamination and will have put processes in place to stop this and protect their customers.

Viruses

Viruses are even smaller than bacteria, but unlike bacteria, they do need a living host to be transmitted. That means they cannot survive for any significant amount of time outside of the body.  Whereas bacteria can. Bacteria can cause even multiple and thrive outside of the body, and that is one to the things that make some bacteria so dangerous.

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Once viruses get into your system, they take over a cell and make it replicate themselves rather than what the cell was originally being used for. Some particularly nasty viruses include Flu and HIV.

Happily, the spread of the virus can be stopped with good hygiene. Hand washing, coughing and sneezing into a tissue can help stop the transmission of viruses from person to person.

For some viruses creating a barrier hat stop bodily fluids passing from one person to another can also help to stop transmission.

Smoking

Most people are now aware that smoking is a massive health risk. Smoking tobacco can affect the lungs and heart. It can lead to COPD which is where the sufferer has trouble breathing and getting enough oxygen.

Smoking is also linked to a higher rate of lung cancer. Cancers are an illness that results from a malfunction within our cells. They are caused when the body’s repair system is triggered and goes wrong. So anything that causes the body’s repair system to trigger often increases the chances that something will go wrong. This is why some people also believe that taking antioxidants is good for you. As they clear up the free radicals in your system and stop them damaging the cells.

The best course of action for any smoker is to give up. In fact, they can decrease the risk of smoking-related diseases to similar of that of a person that has never smoked, over a certain amount of time.

Of course giving up smoking isn’t as easy as all that. That is because nicotine the main ingredient tobacco is addictive. It fools your brain into thinking that it needs it, to survive. When in fact, we can function perfectly well without out. It is just uncomfortable while going through the withdrawal process.

There are products available to help with this, though. You can try e-cigarettes which delivers a dose of nicotine in water vapor. What this does is bypasses all the harmful chemicals that are added to a cigarette. Which is what is mainly responsible for disease.

Or you can give nicotine replacement products a go. Available in lozenges, inhalers or patches, these deliver a steady supply of nicotine, so it makes it a lot easy to break the habit of smoking. Of course, you will need at least some willpower this way too.

Sedentary lifestyle

When watching out for your and your loved one’s health, it’s important to keep an eye on how much activity they are getting. Leading a sedentary lifestyle can lead to all sort of problems like weight gain, depression, and stress on muscles and bones.

Try to build activities into daily life at home that encourage everyone to get up off the sofa and move around. Cycling is a great aerobic activity as it running or walking. Or why not attend a fitness or martial arts class as a family group?

If you would rather exercise separately, then the gym is a positive option. Or there is swimming or why not try an exercise video, so you can workout at home.

Mental health

Mental health can be a tough one to watch out for because no one really now what is going on inside another person’s head. Our individual experience is so subjective that it can be difficult to define what we are feeling, let alone what the feeling of someone close to us are.

Even so, there are some signs that you can look out for if you are concerned about someone you love’s mental state. Sleep is a good indicator. Sleeping more or less than usual can signify a change in mental health. The same goes for the amount they are eating.

A classic sign of poor mental health is when a person withdraws from their friends and family. A depressed person may also stop doing things that they enjoyed up to that point. It is always worth having a conservation with the person that you are concerned about. Ask them if they need some support or help with the issue that they are going through.

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